Category Archives: Philippine Biodiversity field notes

This will be like my virtual field notebook where I archived photographs of the living wonders that I came to see as I roamed around this wonderful world. This will make tracking them easy for me and will be a useful references for my studies. All the organisms documented under this category were found in their natural habitat. I also added some notes and insights on some individual species that I’m familiar with and through researching as well. If you have suggestions, please do and feel free to correct me if I had mistaken on some issues and labels.

Butterfly 5: Great Eggfly

Great Eggfly Butterfly
A male Hypolimnas bolina, also called as blue moon butterfly.

Spotted this butterfly late afternoon, hanging upside down and flipping its beautiful wings.

Great Eggfly Butterfly

I took a picture of him earlier hopping around my Lantana camara plant.I always see this butterfly on that plant, he loves it. Look how lovely his wings are on the video below.

Location: Toril/ Habitat: Garden/ Family: Nymphalidae/ Species: Hypolimnas bolina

Fungus 9: Jelly Fungus

Jelly Fungus
Dacryopinax sp.

These brightly colored yellow to orange fungi came out on the cracks and crevices of a dead wood.

Jelly Fungus
Flattens upward

The fruiting bodies  started out as a single rounded stalk then as it gets older, it flattens towards the upper part.

Jelly Fungus

Forming a shape of a spatula and widens up more, making it look like a fan. It grows in clusters or  in rows. Some will branched out.

Jelly Fungus
Growing in cluster

They are soft, bouncy and rubbery if touched. When expose to sun, they dried out and shrink

Jelly Fungus
When exposed to sun

They became hardy and changed to reddish-orange in color, but after heavy rains, they turned back to their gelatinous appearance again.

Jelly Fungus


Location: Toril/ Habitat: Dead woods/ Phylum: Basidiomycota/ Order: Dacrymycetales/ Family: Dacrymycetaceae/ Species: Dacryopinax sp. ~spathularia

Fern 10: Gelatinous fiddleheads

Gelatinous Fern Fiddlehead

This furled frond of a young fern had a gelatinous substance covering the entire rachis  or the midrib of frond.

Gelatinous Fern Fiddlehead

Some parts of it were insects trapped in the slime.  It made me think that the mucous covering  will served as its protection from the insects that feed on its sap.

Gelatinous Fern Fiddlehead

And maybe, these ferns were sharing the same habitat together with insects that feed on young ferns. Well, just a thought.

Location: Buda/ Habitat: Forest/ Division: Pteridophyta

Polydesmid Millipede

Ventral view of Polydesmid Millipede
Orthomorpha sp.

This polydesmid millipede was burrowing its way through the space between the ground and the log.

Polydesmid Millipede
Body segments of Orthomorpha

It has two pairs of legs per body segment. The legs are banded with color brown, white and orange with  a brightly colored rustic brown to yellow paranota. It can also crawl upside down.

Polydesmid Millipede
Orthomorpha dorsal view


Location: Buda/ Class: Diplopoda/ Order: Polydesmida/ Species: Orthomorpha sp.

Land snail

Land snail
Land Snail

The shell was empty when I found this in the forest and I don’t know the name of the snail. Its color was interesting and new to me so I snapped a picture of it before I went on.

Location: Buda/ Phylum: Mollusca/ Class: Gastropoda

Fungus 8: Ascomycetous Fungi

Close-up view of Xylaria, ascomycetous fungi.

A fungi with twisted branching fruiting bodies, color black at the base and powdered grayish-white color towards the middle going to the top. It looks like a burnt twig covered with ash powder on its body. If you look closely, you can see  powdered substance  spreading out at its base.

Ascomycetous fungi
Dr. Medina, examining fungus.

We found this fungus growing on a rotten wood covered with mosses and leaf litters.



Location: Buda/ Phylum: Ascomycota/ Species: Xylaria sp.


Fungus 7: Candle-Snuff Fungus

Xylaria sp.
Xylaria sp.

Found in a rotten wood growing through the mosses. These fungi were small and erect. Appeared in masses and noticeable because of their contrasting black and white color.

Candle-Snuff Fungus

The color of the base is black, powdery gray towards the middle and color white at the tip.

Candle -Snuff Fungus

The fruiting bodies of this batch were not branching out,  with single spike only.

Location: Buda/ Division: Ascomycota/ Family: Xylariaceae/ Species: Xylaria sp.